Posted by: ioannespaulus | June 7, 2009

Clarification of Declension and Case/Form

Hello!

I’ve been told that some people are confused about declension and case. Declension refers to groups of nouns which follow a specific pattern of endings depending on the case, e.g. Nominative, Accusative, etc…

There are FIVE declensions, and so far, we’ve covered two.

In each declension, there are SIX cases: Nominative, Vocative, Genitive, Dative, Accusative, and Ablative.

When you analyse a noun, you need to analyse the following things:

  • Which declension does it belong to?
  • What case is it in?
  • Singular or plural?
  • What is the gender?

For example, the word stellarum:

  • -arum gives you a clue that it belongs to the FIRST DECLENSION.
  • -arum is of genitive case
  • it is a plural case
  • Being of the first declension, it is usually feminine.

When you check a dictionary, you will never find that word in it. Instead, you would find this instead:

stella, -ae, f: star

[Word in Nominative Form], [Genitive ending], [gender]: [english meaning]

Hope this helps! Do leave comments in this box if you have questions.

God bless!

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